What is a well-balanced diet?
A balanced diet strikes the right balance between different foods. It fulfills all the nutritional needs of a person as it incorporates foods from five primary groups, as discussed below.
The five food groups:
Vegetables and fruits:
Research suggests that one must eat at least five portions of vegetables and fruits in a day. They are rich in dietary fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Moreover, they are low in fat.
They are usually of two types, whole grains and refined. Whole grains are rich in fibers, vitamins, and antioxidants as compared to the refined. The refined grains contain added sugar and salt, which is unhealthy.
Protein includes lean pork and beef, chicken, turkey, fish, eggs, peas, beans, and legumes. Protein helps build and repair tissues in the body. Moreover, it is also used in making enzymes, hormones, and other chemicals.
Dairy products are the primary source of calcium, potassium, and vitamin D. This is important for building healthy and strong bones.
Importance of a healthy diet:
The importance of a well-balanced diet for your body cannot be undermined. Dr. Max Mongelli, a well-known obstetrician and gynecologist with vast experience in academic and professional fields, emphasizes the importance of such a diet. He believes that such a diet helps you live longer. Let’s look at how that happens.
The smooth functioning of the body:
It provides your body with sufficient proteins and includes a wide range of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients that are essential for functioning optimally. It is scientifically proven that a healthy diet improves your memory and ability to learn.
Fighting off diseases:
It keeps your body and brains healthy, thereby making it less prone to infections, disease, and fatigue. It strengthens the immune system by significantly improving vascular function. Moreover, it fights off mental disorders as well, such as schizophrenia and depression.
Maintaining optimum weight:
When combined with regular exercise, such a diet helps you maintain a proper weight. This is because, as compared to processed foods, fruits and vegetables have fewer calories. Moreover, it increases your protein intake.
Helps you sleep better:
A healthy diet enables you to sleep better by regulating your melatonin, a hormone that regulates your sleep cycle. Hence, it allows your muscles to relax appropriately. This increases concentration and helps you feel fully energized.
Therefore, a balanced diet is a nutritious one. It increases your overall productivity and increases your lifespan as you live an active life. One must strive towards a healthier lifestyle, and having a balanced meal is the first step towards it.