A quick guide to the hormonal imbalances faced by women and its solutions

What leads to hormonal imbalance?

Hormones are the chemical messengers that are produced by the endocrine glands, and they help in coordinating different functions. In a female body, the two hormones estrogen and progesterone can affect the uterus’s reproductive function at any stage of life. The hormonal imbalances are a result of fluctuations of these two hormones.

Symptoms and challenges related to hormonal imbalance

Women face several challenges due to hormonal imbalances, including weight gain, migraine, libido loss, painful breasts, acne, burn-outs and mood swings. At any point in life, such challenges are not easy to face. Personal and professional growth of a woman is affected due to changes in her body and behaviour. The severe mood swings take a toll on social life, and many people don’t understand the reason behind their action and those women are often interpreted as crazy or rude. A more severe hormonal imbalance can also lead to hair growth on the facial area, abnormal uterine bleeding and fluctuations in the menstrual cycle, obesity, high blood pressure and uterine cancer at the later stage of life. According to Dr Max Mongelli, women who are transitioning through menopause also face such hormonal imbalances. Hormonal challenges during menopause also affect the brain chemicals; i.e. decreasing levels of estrogen hormones can lead to excessive sweating and can also trigger hot flashes.

Treating hormonal imbalances

There’s not one single remedy for handling all the hormonal imbalance related challenges. Also, the treatment and medication depend upon the various parameters of the body of the woman.

Hormone therapies treat heat flashes and night sweating. Dr Max Mongelli explains that it’s better to consult your regular gynaecologist to find the correct dosage of medicines as there are several pills, gels, creams, vaginal rings and mists available which claim to treat the symptoms. Usually, hormonal therapies are quite a costly affair, and hence, one should try to address the hormonal imbalances by proper diet and lifestyle measures. Increasing the intake of green vegetables, blueberries, yoghurt, nuts, tofu, bananas, cranberries, broccoli, and other seasonal fruits can help in getting rid of the symptoms, and they also help with the blood pressure. Doctors also advise to lower the sugar intake or altogether avoid it as it is considered a slow poison and can lead to ailments like diabetes and obesity at a later of stage of life.

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